October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month
What is breast cancer? Breast cancer occurs when cells in our breast grow out of control creating tumors that cause damage to the nearby tissues. The tumors which are cancerous are known as malignant tumors and can cause a lot of damage to the body.
Breast cancer has always been a dreaded disease, but in recent years things have changed. With the increasing knowledge about cures and treatment, breast cancer can usually be easily treated, but early detection is key to prevention. Research has shown by the age of 20 everyone should start doing Breast Self Examination (BSE). This method is one of easiest and earliest ways of detection. Doctors usually recommended to check yourself at least once a month. A clinical breast exam by your physician should be done at least once a year. Depending on the age of the patient or results from your physician, they may recommend or require mammogram.
Some of the signs to look for while doing BSE:
- A lump found in and around the nipple or underarm
- Change in size or shape
- Nipple discharge or nipple turning inward
- Redness of skin or warmth
- Formation of dimple or change in skin texture
When in doubt, schedule a visit with your physician.